2 edition of influence of temporal structure on attention. found in the catalog.
influence of temporal structure on attention.
Cameron Ross Hetherington
Written in English
|The Physical Object|
|Number of Pages||134|
1. Three Models of Temporal Consciousness Time and Consciousness. Time and consciousness are interwoven on several levels. From the vantage point of ordinary life and common sense, consciousness plainly seems to exists in time. When we hear the clock strike twelve, our auditory experience of it so doing also occurs at twelve (or at most a few moments . Construal level theory proposes that temporal distance changes people's responses to future events by changing the way people mentally represent those events. The greater the temporal distance, the more likely are events to be represented in terms of a few abstract features that convey the perceived essence of the events (high-level construals) rather than in terms of .
Attention is not, however, a unitary concept but is used differently in various metatheories: the behavioral theory of the firm, managerial cognition, issue selling, attention-based view, and ecology. At the level of the brain, neuroscientists have identified three varieties of attention: selective attention, executive attention, and by: Events can be understood in terms of their temporal structure. The authors first draw on several bodies of research to construct an analysis of how people use event structure in perception, understanding, planning, and action. Philosophy provides a grounding for the basic units of events and actions. Perceptual psychology provides an analogy to object perception: Like objects, .
The current international society has entered an era of large-scale power transfer. Government interests have gradually transferred from national strength to national influence. As such, how to quantitatively present the fuzzy geopolitical influence (i.e., geo-influence) has attracted greater attention from scholars. The proposed concept of geo-influence conforms to this trend of power Cited by: 6. Haggett () in his book on “Locational Analysis in Human Geography” introduces an interesting view of the organisation of a region, later refined by him in “Geography: a global synthesis” (Haggett, ). He sees five region-building or spatial structure factors: movements, networks, nodes, surfaces and diffusion Size: 2MB.
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The three-act structure of the play reflects this focus by mirroring the stages of a human life: Act I begins with a birth in early morning and offers a glimpse of daily life in Grover’s Corners; Act II shows us courtship and an afternoon wedding; Act III culminates with death and the afterlife, and as the play ends, night has fallen.
By combining a Hawkes process with a time-varying Gaussian mixture model in a novel way and incorporating the influence structure depending on time slots as well, we propose a probabilistic model for discovering the spatio-temporal influence structure among major sightseeing areas from the viewpoint of geographical attention dynamics, and aim Author: Minoru Higuchi, Kanji Matsutani, Masahito Kumano, Masahiro Kimura.
Spatial Aspects of Attention Regulation Causal Significance of Monopoly of Focus of Attention The Temporal "Size" of a Group and Group Influence Aggregate Effects of Group Activity on the Environment The Schedule and Agenda of Group Attention Power and Agenda-making in Groups of Different Structure The Logical Structure of Attention Concepts II.
Structure. The structure of a text is how it is organised and how its parts fit together. Writers structure their texts deliberately to have an effect on the reader. The temporal structure in music or speech is sometimes referred to as rhythm.
It spontaneously results in perceptual grouping, which in turn facilitates efficient processing, e.g., of speech. Here, we investigated a potential duration illusion induced by rhythmic grouping.
Furthermore, we investigated whether musical training affects the. The Relationship between Attention and Working Memory 3 Schwarzbach, and Yantis, ), and noise reduction (Dosher and Lu, ). The executive attention network acts on post-sensory representations, and is needed when there is competition for access to a central, limited-capacity system.
Paradigms that reveal the role ofFile Size: KB. Similarly, the temporal structure of a signal can be self‐similar in time. (b) Example of a 10‐min EEG from Cz filtered in the beta‐frequency range (13–30 Hz) during eyes‐closed rest (green trace) and during meditation (yellow trace) (data taken from Study 2).Cited by: 8.
Joint attention is a core social cognitive skill that plays a very important role in early language acquisition (e.g., Mundy and Gomes, ). Joint attention is ‘‘the ability to coordinate attention with a social partner’’ (Mundy et al.,p. It can be either initiated by the infant, calling an adult’s attention to an Cited by: The Influence of Visual and Temporal Dynamics on Split Attention: Evidences from Eye Tracking: /ch This chapter introduces eye tracking as a method to observe how the split of visual attention is managed in Cited by: 5.
Each section focuses on distinct ways in which attention and time influence one another. These sections, each encompassing a range of methodologies from classical cognitive psychology to single-cell neurophysiology, provide functionally unifying frameworks to help guide through the many various experimental and theoretical approaches adopted.
The book represents an examination of the nature of temporal cognition, with two foci: (i) an investigation into (pre-conceptual) temporal experience, and (ii) an analysis of temporal structure at the conceptual level (which derives from temporal experience).Pages: Differential coding plays an important role in audio, still image, and video coding.
It is a way to exploit the temporal correlation between samples (in audio coding), between neighboring pixels (in image and video coding), or between successive pictures (in video coding).
The main idea is to predict the value taken by a sample from those of already encoded samples. OBJECT-BASED ATTENTION. Object formation directly influences how we perceive and process complex scenes.
In all sensory modalities, the normal mode of analyzing a complex scene is to focus on one object while other objects are in the perceptual background [17,18].In vision, this mode of perceiving is described as a biased competition between perceptual objects .Cited by: In everyday life, when observing activities taking place in our environment, we often shift our attention among several activities and therefore perceive each activity sequence piecemeal with temporal gaps in between.
Two studies examined whether the length of these gaps influences the processing of the observed activities. Experiment 1 presented film clips depicting activities.
Text-structure cues can guide the reader's attention during reading (Gaddy et al., ). The structure of a refutation text may cue the reader to attend to specific ideas presented in the text. Zevin, in Encyclopedia of Neuroscience, Superior Temporal Gyrus and Superior Temporal Sulcus.
Superior temporal gyrus (STG) is the site of auditory association cortex (and a site of multisensory integration) and thus necessarily plays some role in spoken word recognition.
Evidence that its role extends beyond that of higher-level perceptual processing. Well-crafted narratives such as these have the power to grip and hold students’ attention. Thus engaged, the reader is able to focus on what the narrator discloses: the temporal structure of events unfolding over time, the actions and intentions of those who were there, the temporal connections between antecedents and their consequences.
Here is a book suggestion: in How to Win Friends and Influence People, leadership guru Dale Carnegie explains the basics of human intelligence and human skills.
It’s very simple. There is a series of concepts you need to master if you plan on. Beneath the cerebral lobes •Are the most sensitive brain structures. •Here lie areas responsible for moving short-term memory traces into long-term memory traces (the hypocampal area).
•Also housed in this region is the diencephalon which helps the body maintain homeostasis. •Of critical import to learning is the reticular activating system which helps with attention and concentration.
In this work, we design a novel multi-relation structure RNN model with a hierarchical attention mechanism to capture not only the conventional temporal dependencies but also the explicit multi.
This role includes perceiving sounds, assigning meaning to those sounds, and remembering sounds. Much of the auditory work of the temporal lobe is processed through the superior temporal gyrus, a temporal lobe structure that receives sound input directly from the ear.
Some of its other functions include.the temporal structure of speech and language, event perception and the narrative structure of event sequences, episodic and autobiographical mem-ory, the subjective value of time, and several other topics" (J.
A. Michon, p. 38). Three other comprehensive examinations of time perception appeared in.A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text.